Simple beauty of haiku
Haiku is a very short poetical form of literature. Haiku is a Japanese form of poetry liked by all. The Japanese haiku appears in a single vertical line. But, in English, we normally write haiku in 3 lines. There are no fixed rules adopted for writing haiku in English. If it is enjoyable by readers, then it is accepted by all. All the emotions are expressed well in Japanese haiku.
The 5-7-5 syllables rule, is followed by many people. Sometimes, a total of 17 syllables are used and there is no restriction about the number of lines. Some people see the usage of 2,3,2 metric feet written in three lines. Some even say that the haiku should be read within one breath. That is, if we start reading a haiku, we should be able to complete it, before completing the first breath.
The haiku describes a momentary action only. A sudden feeling on seeing something based on the experience is written in the form of haiku. In the olden days, people always describe nature in haiku but modern poets express their views about the happenings in day to day life. Those who have got a little interest in literature could make an attempt to write a haiku. Much experience is not at all needed.
In the haiku, whatever said openly is less important and whatever left for imagination is more important. The unsaid words are more meaningful. In the symbolic way the poet may express his feelings about nature but the implied meaning may be the expression of his emotion about certain thing. The reader should guess it correctly. That is the charm in haiku.
While writing the haiku, the mind of the poet should be immersed in the feeling of emotion about something. They only he could coin correct words to express his feelings. Just like a photo flash, the poet should take the reader to the situation that implied in the haiku. The principles of comparison, contrast and association are used generally by poets while writing haiku. The unimaginable comparisons really thrill us. As the sweetness of taste lasts in the tongue for sometime, the sweet memories of the haiku fulfils our mind. In contrast, the opposites attract us very much. The surprise contrasts give us a shocking and at the same time a thrilling effect. Similarly, The association between the things we never imagined, gives us extreme pleasure.
Some people use riddles and puzzles in haiku, giving a little surprise to the reader. The reader has to think a little and find out the answer. Some people use word play, joke and even double meaning in haiku. Normally the adverbs and adjectives are not used in haiku. We have to present the thing as it is in the original form itself. The sentimental feelings such as joy, sorrow, honour, glory, love and hatredness are expressed in haiku. The metaphors and similes are used to compare, associate and contrast. First we have to fix the reader on image and bring another image to compare or contrast or associate form, making a simple but admirable relationship between the two images. The cutting divides the haiku into two parts and there is interrelation between the tow parts. The reader has to get the vision of the writer while reading the haiku. That is the success of haiku.
Simple beauty of haiku