Secrets of Dyslexia

Secrets of dyslexia
What is meant by dyslexia? In simple words we can say that dyslexia is a learning disability. It is a neurological deficiency of vision or hearing. The children with this disability have the problem with written language. They do reading and writing with much difficulty. This disease has been diagnosed in people of all levels of intelligence. The researches show that dyslexia is a matter of reduced phonological awareness. The persons with this disease have less ability to analyze and link the units of spoken and written languages.
Theories about dyslexia : Auditory processing disorder is the main cause of dyslexia. The dyslexia is a specific impairment in the representation, storage and retrieval of speech sounds. The persons with this defect could not learn the foundation of reading by phonic methods for alphabetic systems. As per phonological deficit theory, the primary deficit lies in the perception of short or rapidly varying sounds. The visual theory states that dyslexia is a visual impairment giving rise to difficulties with the processing of letters and words. The cerebeller theory says that cerebellum plays a role in learning process. The brain imaging studies shows that anatomical, metabolic and activation differences cause the difference. The magno-cellular theory , combines all of the above and states that poor performance of magno-cellular system is the reason for dyslexia of various types.
Types of Dyslexia : There are two types of dyslexia the surface dyslexia and phonological dyslexia. We have to discriminate the visual impairments and speech impairments. The children with surface dyslexia could read known words but have trouble while reading words that are irregular. They have to practice the lexical procedure of reading aloud. They have to learn by linking the unknown word with the already known word. The children with phonological dyslexia could read aloud both regular and irregular words. They have problem with non-words and with connecting sounds to symbols, or with sounding out words.
How to identify a kid with dyslexia? The parents and teachers should watch the activities of the kid very sharply. If the child has trouble with letters and words, we should ask them to read and write. If the parents or teachers, could not confirm whether the child has dyslexia, they can take the child to a specialist. The IQ level, visual perception, achievements in written work should be tested before confirming that the child is suffering from dyslexia. We have to discover the problem first to make it easier for the kid to learn. We should ask the child to follow up the lip movement to pronounce a letter or word correctly. We may change the teaching pattern from taking notes to using flash cards or tape classroom lessons and practice again and again. Extra care and extra time for test should be given to the child with dyslexia.
How to deal children with dyslexia? We have seen that plenty of smart and talented people struggle with dyslexia. The kids need not lose self-confidence, when they have dyslexia. When somebody is ready to extend help and if the child is ready to do hard work, definitely, the child could overcome this problem. The child with dyslexia problem should be taught to understand the way speech sounds make up words and connect speech sounds to letters. We have to teach them to blend letter sounds into words and focus on printed letters and words. We should sit with them patiently and ask them to control movement of eye on the page. We should encourage them to build images and ideas and express it in some form. The children with dyslexia may struggle even to remember simple words they have seen many times. They read very slowly and make lot of mistakes. Sometimes they may mix up letters in a word. For example, they may get confusion with the letters “b” and “p” and words like “was” and “saw”.
How the child with dyslexia feels? The kids with dyslexia get anger very soon. They get frustrated when we ask them to read and write. They want to escape from these activities. They get bored of going to school even. The reading and writing make them get frustrated. They become sad and dejected. They keep away from the company of friends who study well.
Future of dyslexia children : It is to be remembered that many creative and successful people had dyslexia at the young age. They could fulfill their dreams by their hard work. Dyslexia people are visual thinkers. Many famous personalities had this problem but they excelled in areas that do not involve the “written world”. They come up as the best of their skills in the chosen area overcoming dyslexic problem. So, we need not bother about the future of the children with dyslexia. We have to tell the children with dyslexia that they are intelligent because self-esteem is the much desired boost for achieving anything. We should make the parents, teachers and friends to accept the kid as a normal person. We should not scold the child with dyslexia as lazy, stubborn or doing anything purposely. We could not make the child an abject of ridicule. If we give the right help, they can do wonders. The children with dyslexia have the capacity to think in pictures and they are lucky as they can think differently. They could be artists, speakers or orators. The parents should not lose heart as for them there is a long road ahead. They should praise the child and encourage him. They should take a pledge to bring up the child as the best person in a field of his interest. Best wishes.